One of the most beautiful aspects of the Montessori classroom is the peace curriculum. The core aspect of the peace curriculum is the peace table. The peace table is a little retreat where children can go to solve problems with their friends. It's set up in quiet area of the classroom, and children may not bring work to this table. Typically, there is a peace rose set up on the table in a vase. The peace rose is used to aid the children in peaceful conversation. (I will write a post specifically about the peace rose at a later date.) When a child feels upset, or needs to work out a problem with a peer, he or she walks to the peace table for reflection. In the beginning of the year, the teachers model proper use of the peace table and proper turn-taking during discussion. The children catch on quickly and oftentimes the younger students think up problems so they can go to the peace table and "work it out". The teachers try not to get involved, but stand nearby just in case conversations become heated.
Many teachers place beautiful, cultural artifacts on the table for individual children who wish to reflect. These artifacts should be changed often to maintain interest.
Book of interest:
The Peace Rose